Indications, Benefits and Types of Orthodontic Appliances
Orthodontics is a special branch of dentistry that deals with diagnosis, prevention and correction of teeth and jaws that are not positioned correctly, and misaligned bite patterns. A branch of orthodontics known as dentofacial orthopedics focuses on modifying facial growth.
Orthodontics in Downers Grove involves the use of dental appliances to move your teeth and jaws to their correct position. Severe dental misalignment may require surgery to correct. Successful orthodontic treatment may take several months to a few years to complete due to its slow gradual process.
An orthodontist is the dental specialist who is trained to diagnose, treat, and prevent dental and facial irregularities. This specialist provides various treatment options to fix irregular bites straighten crooked teeth and correctly align the jaws.
Before commencing treatment, the orthodontist will do an extensive oral exam. Taking photos and X-rays of your face, head, teeth, and taking impressions to create molds of the teeth follows. During orthodontic treatment, the orthodontist monitors the progress closely. Some dental appliances like braces require to be slightly altered every 4-10 weeks for successful treatment.
Indications of Orthodontic Treatment
Orthodontics in Downers Grove, IL is used to treat the following dental issues:
- Crowded teeth. This problem occurs when the dental ridge in the mouth has inadequate space.
- Spaced out teeth. There are gaps and spaces between the teeth resulting to the teeth not filling up your mouth.
- Impacted teeth
- Over bite. Your upper front teeth stick out over the lower teeth when biting down.
- Under-bite. Here, the upper teeth are set far back in the mouth causing the upper teeth to be too far forward.
- Cross-bite. When biting down, your upper teeth fit behind the lower teeth.
- Open-bite. A vertical gap is present between the front lower and upper teeth when you bite down.
Benefits of Orthodontic Treatment
- Orthodontic treatment improves the appearance of your teeth and makes you more confident improving your self-esteem.
- Better oral hygiene. Misaligned teeth are harder to clean. The bacteria hidden in between the teeth may cause tooth decay or periodontal disease.
- Teeth that do not fit correctly making chewing harder. This may lead to headaches, shoulder pain or even temporomandibular joint disorders. Orthodontic treatment solves this problem.
- Abnormal wearing down of the teeth can be stopped through orthodontic treatment.
- It reduces the chances of damage to prominent teeth.
Dental appliances used in orthodontics near you may be fixed or removable.
Fixed Orthodontic Appliances
Fixed orthodontic appliances can only be removed by an orthodontist or dentist. The outcome of treatment with these appliances is greater since they have a greater mechanical control of the teeth and jaws. These appliances are used to:
- Rotate teeth that do not fit the arch shape of your other teeth
- Move several teeth to different places Alter the angle of the teeth
- Change the position of the tooth’s root
Types of Fixed Orthodontic Appliances
Braces – These are devices made of wires, bands and brackets that put pressure on your teeth and move them slowly to their correct positions.
Special Fixed Appliances – Thumb sucking and tongue thrusting is controlled by these devices. They are attached to the teeth using bands.
Fixed Space Maintainers – When children lose their natural teeth prematurely, the orthodontist uses these appliances to keep the space open until the permanent tooth sets in.
Removable Orthodontic Appliances
These are appliances that can be removed for eating, drinking or cleaning.
Types of Removable Orthodontic Appliances
- Clear Aligners – These are clear braces made of thermoplastic material which work like traditional metal braces to straighten teeth.
- Elastics – Elastics are dental rubber bands that improve the fit of your lower and upper teeth.
- Removable space maintainers – These are placed in open spaces between the teeth to keep them apart so that orthodontic bands may be placed later.
- Jaw repositioning appliances – These are used to finalise tooth movements in orthodontic treatment.
- Lip and cheek bumpers – When the lip and cheek muscles are exerting pressure on your teeth, these bumpers are used. They keep the cheeks and lips away from the teeth.
- Palatal expanders – This device widens the upper jaw by putting pressure gently on the upper molars.
- Removable retainers – These are used to hold treated teeth to their new positions after treatment.
- Headgear – An appliance is used to treat over bites and under bites.