The Major Causes of Dental Extraction Procedures

The Major Causes of Dental Extraction Procedures

September 7, 2021

Several oral health conditions can make you a candidate for dental extractions near you. Examples of the common ones include:

  1. Overcrowding

Overcrowding causes your teeth to become crooked. This happens when your teeth fit incorrectly in your mouth due to their size. Crooked teeth can be corrected with orthodontics, which, to be effective, your mouth must have space that allows movement of the teeth. If your oral cavity has inadequate space, one or more teeth can be extracted to facilitate the alignment process.

  1. Deep tooth decay

A decay, also known as a cavity, occurs when plaque acids weaken and destroy the tooth enamel forming a hole in it. A cavity becomes severe when it affects the pulp chamber of the tooth. This makes the tooth prone to bacterial infection, which later leads to inflammation. A root canal procedure can be carried out to eradicate the infection, but it happens to be ineffective; tooth extraction is recommended to prevent spread to the other teeth.

  1. Impacted teeth

It occurs when teeth get blocked from growing out of gum tissue to their normal position because of factors like overcrowding. It is also common in the growth of wisdom teeth. In such a case, a wisdom tooth extraction can be done to allow room for the development of other teeth.

  1. Traumatic damage

Dental trauma is mostly caused by accidental falls, a collision with an object, or a blow to your face. Different types of damage can occur on your teeth when your get dental trauma. For example, your teeth can become loose after trauma or crack or break.

  1. Periodontal disease

This is a severe gum infection that causes damage to the soft tissues of your oral cavity. If not treated, it can cause damage to the bone supporting your teeth.

When you have a severe periodontal infection, teeth become loose, and an extraction procedure may be necessary.

Who Does a Tooth Extraction Procedure?

Both a dentist and an oral surgeon can perform a dental extraction procedure. To get dental extraction in Downers Grove, Illinois, visit Premier Orthodontics & Dental Specialists.

What the Dentist Should Know Before Your Tooth Extraction

When you go for extractions in Downers Grove, your dentist should get your complete medical history. Also make sure you inform them if you have any of the following conditions:

  • Artificial heart valve
  • Heart defect (either congenital or acquired)
  • Compromised immune system
  • Liver cirrhosis (chronic damage of the liver)
  • History of endocarditis (infection of the heart valves)

Before any tooth extraction takes place, the patient gets an injection of a local anesthetic to numb the area around the tooth getting extracted. This prevents severe pain through the procedure. The dentist will then grasp the tooth using forceps and rock it gently back and forth to loosen its attachment with the ligaments and jaw bone, and only for an impacted tooth will the dentist need to cut the gum tissue before grasping. When a tooth is difficult to pull out, it will be removed in pieces until it’s all out.

After extraction, the dentist packs a gauze pad and will tell you to bite it down to prevent and stop the bleeding. The dental practitioner can also place some self-dissolving stitches to close the edges of the gum tissue over the site of extraction.

What is a Dry Socket?

A dry socket is a painful condition that occurs when a blood clot in the socket breaks loose after an extraction. Symptoms of a dry socket are:

  • Severe post-extraction pain that is radiating to your ears and eyes
  • Foul breath
  • Bad taste in the mouth

Healing Period

The healing period will vary based on the location and type of the extracted tooth. However, complete healing is expected in 7 to 10 days.

You may notice a white material in the socket of your teeth. This white material is known as granulation tissue made up of collagen, white blood cells, and blood vessels, and it is not an alarm for concern because it’s a form of the natural body healing process.

Signs of Infection After an Extraction Procedure

  • Severe pain
  • Fever
  • Continuous bleeding for long hours
  • Unpleasant taste in the mouth

If you experience these signs, it is advisable to see your dentist right away, and if any infection is detected, antibiotics will be prescribed.

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